Social housing is outlined within the Housing and Regeneration Act 2008 sections 68-77. The time period covers low-cost rental, low price house possession and lodging owned by registered suppliers as beforehand outlined within the Housing Act 1996.
1. Headline figures
In 2021-22 there have been:
24,932 gross sales of social housing dwellings, a rise of 45% in comparison with 2020-21, and a 3% enhance on 2019-20.
18,881 gross sales of social housing had been low-cost rental dwellings, a rise of 47% in comparison with 2020-21, although 4% decrease than in 2019-20.
6,051 gross sales of social housing by means of low-cost house possession fairness reaching 100%, a rise of 39% on 2020-21, and the best recorded quantity since this knowledge began being collected in 2001-02.
2,757 demolitions of social housing dwellings, a lower of 32% in comparison with 2020-21, and the bottom worth reported since knowledge began being collected in 1997-98.
This statistical launch presents Nationwide Statistics on annual gross sales and demolitions of social housing in England. It accommodates details about the dwellings owned by non-public registered suppliers ( PRPs ) collected by the Regulator of Social Housing ( RSH ) within the Statistical Information Return ( SDR ) and details about dwellings owned by native authorities ( LAs ) collected by the Division for Levelling Up, Housing and Communities ( DLUHC ) within the Native Authority Housing Statistics ( LAHS ). There’s additionally supplementary data supplied which is sourced from the CORE gross sales dataset, collected by DLUHC .
This launch is the abstract of social housing gross sales and demolitions. Extra detailed studies additionally accompany this launch:
This statistical launch studies on the sale of social housing, focussing on the gross sales of low-cost rental dwellings and the 100% staircased gross sales of shared possession properties [footnote 1]. It doesn’t report on the preliminary sale (or first tranche) of shared possession dwellings, however traits of those purchases could be discovered within the shared possession gross sales launch) and the varied reside tables which accompany this statistical launch.
3. Social housing gross sales
In 2021-22 there have been 24,932 gross sales of social housing dwellings in England, a rise of 45% in comparison with 2020-21. This was 3% larger than in 2019-20. Of those 24,932 gross sales, 11,164 (45%) had been of native authority owned inventory and 13,768 (55%) had been of inventory owned by non-public registered suppliers.
Determine 1.1 Complete gross sales of social housing from 1 April 1997 to 31 March 2022, by supplier
Social housing could be bought by means of a wide range of totally different schemes or on the open market. Nearly all of gross sales are accomplished by means of the Proper to Purchase scheme for native authority housing and the preserved/voluntary Proper to Purchase schemes for PRP owned housing. These three schemes accounted for 56% of gross sales in 2021-22 and have accounted for 91% of all recorded gross sales since April 1980.
The subsequent largest contributor to whole gross sales are the 100% staircased gross sales [footnote 2] of Shared Possession properties (LCHO gross sales). These accounted for twenty-four% of whole gross sales in 2021-22 and, primarily based on the information out there, accounted for over 19% of all gross sales since April 2011.
Different gross sales to sitting tenants, together with these beneath Proper to Purchase and Social HomeBuy, accounted for 7% of gross sales in 2021-22 whereas all different gross sales, together with gross sales to the open market, accounted for 12% of all gross sales in 2021-22.
Determine 1.2 Complete gross sales of social housing from 1 April 1997 to 31 March 2022, by kind of sale
4. Social housing gross sales by area
The variety of gross sales of social housing varies considerably by area and is pushed largely by the variety of Proper to Purchase gross sales. Subsequently, modifications to the Proper to Purchase scheme have a big affect on regional variations in gross sales. For extra in-depth evaluation of those gross sales, please see the accompanying Proper to Purchase devoted part. As a result of variation in inventory sizes, the graph beneath presents gross sales per 1,000 inventory [footnote 3].
There have been 5.9 gross sales per 1,000 inventory on common in 2021-22. That is 11% decrease than the height of 6.7 in 2015-2016, which adopted the reinvigoration of the Proper to Purchase scheme in 2012 [footnote 4] however a 44% enhance from the low level of 4.1 gross sales per 1,000 inventory in 2020-21.
Determine 1.3 Gross sales of social housing per 1,000 inventory from 1 April 2011 to 31 March 2022, by English area
In 2021-22 the entire gross sales per 1,000 inventory ranged from 5.0 in East of England to 7.4 in East Midlands, with a median throughout England of 5.9 gross sales per 1,000 inventory.
In comparison with final yr, Yorkshire and the Humber’s gross sales elevated essentially the most (up 2.4 gross sales per 1,000 inventory) and London’s gross sales elevated the least (up 1.4 gross sales per 1,000 inventory). In some areas, the entire variety of gross sales in 2021-22 was larger than that of 2019-20, which might be an impact of gross sales being delayed by the pandemic.
Between April 2013 and March 2017, London noticed extra Proper to Purchase gross sales as a proportion of its housing inventory than another area, averaging 8 gross sales per 1,000 inventory within the 4-year interval. Since 2017, the East Midlands and West Midlands have seen essentially the most gross sales as a proportion of inventory, coinciding with the introduction in 2016 of the Voluntary Proper to Purchase [footnote 5] pilot scheme in these areas.
Throughout the areas of England, the primary supplier of social housing varies considerably, with PRPs having a bigger proportion of inventory than native authorities in all of the areas of England besides the East Midlands and Yorkshire and the Humber. Nonetheless, the proportion of PRP housing inventory varies significantly even these areas the place it has nearly all of inventory, for instance 52% of social housing inventory in London and 86% within the North West is PRP inventory.
The graph beneath reveals the variety of gross sales by supplier kind in every of the areas in England. Gross sales of PRP inventory have been constantly larger than gross sales of native authority inventory within the North West, South East and South West. Native authority inventory gross sales have been constantly larger than gross sales of PRP inventory within the East Midlands and Yorkshire and the Humber.
Determine 1.4 Complete gross sales of social housing from 1 April 2011 to 31 March 2022, by supplier and English area
For the 6,051 low-cost house possession gross sales in 2021-22, 33% of those transactions had been in London and an additional 21% had been within the South East. With 99% of those gross sales from PRPs , this regional distribution has remained related over the previous few years.
In 2021-22 there have been 2,757 demolitions of social housing dwellings, a lower of 32% in comparison with 2020-21. Of those 2,757 demolitions, 1,340 (49%) had been of native authority inventory and 1,417 (51%) had been of PRP inventory. These demolitions symbolize 0.08% and 0.05% of the inventory at 31 March 2021 of LAs and PRPs respectively.
Traditionally, the variety of demolitions of native authority-owned inventory has been a lot larger than of PRP inventory, peaking at simply over 14,500 in 2001-02. Since then, the development has been typically downwards, consistent with that for demolitions within the social housing sector total. Demolitions of PRP inventory have fluctuated extra, and in 2021-22 decreased by 40% in comparison with 2020-21.
Determine 1.5: Demolitions of social housing inventory, from April 1997 to 31 March 2022 by supplier
Information for demolitions of native authority owned social housing inventory is on the market by area and district since 2011-12. As a result of massive variation within the whole social housing inventory and the kind of inventory proprietor in every area, the graph beneath presents demolitions as a proportion of whole inventory. It reveals that between April 2011 and March 2016 the North East demolished a bigger proportion of its whole housing inventory than all different areas, peaking throughout 2012-13 with 6.4 demolitions per 1,000 inventory. Yorkshire and the Humber recorded solely 7 demolitions in 2021-22.
From April 2016 to March 2022, London has demolished a bigger proportion of its inventory than another area, a median of 1.7 demolitions per 1,000 inventory in these 6 years. The East Midlands has demolished, proportionally, the least inventory, averaging 0.6 demolitions per 1,000 inventory between April 2016 and March 2022.
Determine 1.6 Demolitions of social housing per 1,000 inventory from 1 April 1997 to 31 March 2022 by English area
6. Evaluating gross sales and demolitions to new provide
This part compares knowledge on gross sales and demolitions of low-cost rental social housing with statistics on new provide of low-cost rental dwellings [footnote 6] supplied by native authorities and personal registered suppliers. This knowledge is introduced as a time collection from 1997-98, although ought to solely be used for comparability of basic traits. For experimental statistics which calculate internet figures for the provision of inexpensive housing provide for hire for the final two years, please see the following part.
The gross sales and demolitions figures don’t embody 100% staircased Low-Price House Possession gross sales. The figures for brand spanking new provide are a subset of the entire introduced in Reside Desk 1000, and embody not simply new construct, but in addition acquisitions of inventory that weren’t beforehand used as both inexpensive or social housing.
For 2021-22, 38,668 new inexpensive housing items for hire had been delivered, which represented 65% of the entire of 59,175 new inexpensive housing supplied throughout that yr. Native authorities and personal registered suppliers delivered 37,281 of those new items (98%), with the remaining 2% attributable to non-registered or unknown suppliers.
Whereas gross sales and demolitions are anticipated to be the 2 primary sources of losses to social housing inventory, the information introduced right here don’t account for all losses. There are a couple of causes for this:
they solely cowl gross sales and demolitions of social housing inventory held by native authorities of their Housing Income Accounts and inventory held by massive non-public registered suppliers
they don’t cowl non-registered suppliers or these the place supplier was unknown
they don’t cowl all inexpensive housing supposed on the market, reminiscent of Shared Possession
they don’t cowl all disposals of present inventory, for instance losses by means of conversions and modifications of use
The chart beneath reveals these knowledge since 1997-98. Between 1997-98 and 2008-09, the mixed gross sales and demolitions had been constantly larger than new provide of inexpensive housing for hire. Against this, in all however 4 of the 13 years since 2008-09, new provide of inexpensive housing for hire has exceeded losses by means of gross sales and demolitions. Nonetheless, this comparability can’t be used to calculate complete internet figures for the provision of inexpensive housing provide for hire, as not all losses are coated, as defined above.
Determine 1.7 Comparability of gross sales and demolitions to new provide of low price rental inventory, England 1 April 1997 to 31 March 2022
The change within the sample was as a consequence of a number of components, together with the sharp lower in gross sales since 2003-04; the overall lower within the variety of demolitions since 2001-02, and the investments by means of totally different inexpensive houses programmes since 2008. The supply knowledge for this chart is on the market in reside tables 678, 684 and within the inexpensive housing provide statistics open knowledge.
That is additionally according to traits in inventory estimates introduced in Reside Desk 104 which present a rise within the mixed native authority and personal registered supplier inventory since 2008. Estimates in that desk comply with the Census definition of “dwelling” and subsequently don’t match precisely knowledge on the variety of items (which embody bedspaces in addition to dwellings) out there for inexpensive or social housing, in addition to a selected affect of bedspace adjustment estimation strategies.
7. Internet provide of inexpensive housing for hire
This part presents experimental statistics which estimate a internet measure of the provision of inexpensive housing for hire by summarising the in- and outflows to this sector of the housing inventory in England. Experimental statistics are official statistics which might be within the improvement section and never but absolutely developed. Customers needs to be conscious that experimental statistics will probably have a wider diploma of uncertainty. The restrictions of the statistics can be clearly defined inside the launch.
It is a first step to handle a request from the July 2020 advice by the Housing Communities and Native Authorities choose committee on publishing internet provide of inexpensive housing by tenure [footnote 7].
For 2021-22, the figures present that native authority inexpensive housing inventory for hire decreased by almost 7,200 whereas the rental inventory owned by non-public registered suppliers elevated by simply over 18,900, an estimated internet enhance of 11,700 inexpensive houses for hire for these suppliers mixed. Within the earlier yr, there was an estimated internet enhance of 11,200 inexpensive houses for hire.
Determine 1.8 Abstract of internet provide of inexpensive housing for hire, 2020-2022
Evaluating these estimates with modifications in inventory figures between years present some variations, that are possible as a consequence of a mix of the next:
restricted or unavailable knowledge for some good points and losses of present inexpensive housing, reminiscent of conversions (of homes into flats or vice-versa) and modifications of tenure (for instance from social hire to shared possession)
not all inexpensive housing is included – solely inexpensive housing for hire is included (these used for social hire, inexpensive hire, London inexpensive hire and intermediate hire). This excludes inexpensive housing for possession, reminiscent of shared possession, inexpensive house possession and First Properties, in addition to circumstances the place tenure is unknown
not all suppliers of inexpensive housing are coated – solely native authority and personal registered suppliers are included, whereas non-registered suppliers and items the place the supplier is unknown aren’t
the information on losses don’t cowl native authority inventory owned exterior a Housing Income Account (which accounts for lower than 0.5% of native authority inventory [footnote 8] ) or inventory from non-public register suppliers that personal fewer than 1,000 inventory (which accounts for round 4% of personal registered supplier inventory [footnote 9] )
the information are compiled throughout totally different sources[footnote 10], which whereas related, often don’t cowl precisely the identical classes and definitions [footnote 11]
For additional particulars and background please test the related part in technical notes accompanying this launch.
The graph beneath presents the detailed breakdown of internet inexpensive housing for hire for 2020-21 and 2021-22 at England stage and breaks the information down by class of supplier. See the information used for the graph.
Determine 1.9 Detailed breakdown of internet provide of inexpensive housing for hire, 2020-2022
As these are experimental statistics, we’re notably eager to obtain suggestions through email@example.com on whether or not readers discover them related.
8. Associated statistics
Reasonably priced Housing Provide in England 2021-22: A statistical launch by DLUHC which studies on the variety of inexpensive housing dwellings began and accomplished from 1 April 2021 – 31 March 2022. These statistics include informationon the variety of Shared Possession dwellings accomplished, which can be utilized as a proxy for the variety of Shared Possession dwellings bought in 2021-22. The reside tables accompanying this launch report on inexpensive housing provide from 1991-92 to 2021-22.
Personal registered supplier social housing inventory in England: A statistical launch by the Regulator of Social Housing ( RSH ) primarily based on knowledge sourced from the Statistical Information Return on an annual foundation, it offers particulars of personal registered supplier owned and managed inventory, particulars rents reported for low-cost rental (social and inexpensive rents) and offers an outline of the PRP sector together with particulars on inventory losses and good points, and vacancies.
Native Authority Housing Statistics: A statistical dataset launched by DLUHC which reveals the district-level knowledge collected yearly from all native authorities. Components of the dataset are used as a supply for this launch, however it is usually used to report on dwelling inventory, situation of inventory, rents and arrears and provide of latest social housing