Thanks for that welcome, thanks all for becoming a member of us at Bloomberg.
From the best way we talk and collaborate, to the best way we purchase and promote items and companies, digital know-how has reworked almost each side of our financial lives.
How do I do know that?
As a result of I too, identical to Matt requested ChatGPT to craft the opening traces of this speech.
Who wants politicians when you could have AI?
Like different international locations, the UK has been coping with financial headwinds brought on by a decade of black swan occasions: a monetary disaster, a pandemic after which a world power disaster.
And my social gathering understands higher than others the significance of low taxes in creating incentives and fostering the animal spirits that spur financial development.
However one other Conservative perception is that danger taking by people and companies can solely occur when governments present financial and monetary stability.
So the most effective tax reduce proper now’s a reduce in inflation.
And the plan I set out within the Autumn Assertion tackles that root reason for instability within the British financial system.
The Prime Minister talked about halving inflation as certainly one of his 5 key priorities and doing so is the one sustainable method to restore industrial concord.
However at present I need to speak about his second precedence, to develop the financial system. (In case you weren’t certain, I’ve them on the display behind me.)
We need to be one of the affluent international locations in Europe and at present I’m going to stipulate the 4 pillars of our plan to get there.
Simply as our plan to halve inflation requires endurance and self-discipline, so too will our plan for prosperity and development.
Nevertheless it’s additionally going to want one thing else which is in somewhat brief provide – Optimism, however we are able to get there.
Simply this month columnists from each left and the precise have talked about an “existential disaster,” “Britain teetering on the sting” and that “all we are able to hope for…is that issues don’t worsen.”
I welcome the talk – however Chancellors, too, are allowed their say.
And I say merely this: declinism about Britain is simply fallacious.
It has at all times been fallacious prior to now – and it’s fallacious at present.
A few of the gloom relies on statistics that don’t mirror the entire image.
Like each G7 nation, our development was slower within the years after the monetary disaster than earlier than it.
However since 2010, the UK has grown sooner than France, Japan and Italy. Not on the backside, however proper in the course of the pack.
For the reason that Brexit referendum, we’ve grown at about the identical price as Germany.
Sure we’ve not but returned to pre-pandemic employment or output ranges.,
However an financial system that contracted 20% in a pandemic nonetheless has almost the bottom unemployment for half a century.
And whereas our public sector continues to recuperate extra slowly than we want from the pandemic – strengthening the case for reform – our personal sector has grown 7.5% within the final 12 months.
Sure inflation has risen – however continues to be decrease than in 14 EU international locations, with rates of interest rising extra slowly than within the US or Canada.
And sure we’ve to enhance our productiveness. However output per hour labored is larger than pre-pandemic.
And final week a survey of enterprise leaders by PWC stated the UK was the third-most engaging nation for CEOs increasing their companies.
Economists and journalists know you’ll be able to spend a very long time arguing the toss on statistics,
However the strongest grounds for optimism comes not from debating this or that method of analysing information factors however from our long run prospects: as a result of in the case of the innovation industries that can form and outline this century the UK is powerfully positioned to play a number one function.
Let’s simply have a look at a few of them.
In digital know-how, as we heard from Michelle, we’ve change into solely the third financial system on this planet with a trillion-dollar sector.
Now we have created extra unicorns than France and Germany mixed with eight UK cities now dwelling to 2 or extra unicorns.
The London / Oxford / Cambridge triangle has the most important variety of tech companies on this planet exterior San Francisco and New York.
PWC say that UK GDP shall be as much as 10% larger in 2030 due to AI alone. Fintech attracted extra funding final 12 months than wherever on this planet exterior the US.
Or life sciences, the place we’ve the most important sector in Europe. And an excellent advocate with our very good Science Minister George Freeman.
We produced one of many world’s first Covid vaccines, estimated to have saved greater than 6 million lives worldwide.
We recognized the remedy most generally used to save lots of lives in hospitals, saving greater than 1,000,000 lives throughout the globe.
We’re behind solely the US and China by way of high-quality life science papers printed, and each one of many world’s high 25 biopharmaceutical corporations has operations within the UK.
One other large development space is our inexperienced and clear power sector.
The UK is a world chief right here, with the most important offshore wind farm on this planet. Final 12 months we have been capable of generate an unimaginable 40% of our electrical energy from renewables. However on sooner or later, a somewhat windy December thirtieth, we truly obtained 60% of our electrical energy from renewables – primarily wind.
McKinsey estimate that the worldwide market alternative for UK inexperienced industries may very well be value greater than £1 trillion between now and 2030.
And we’re continuing with the brand new plant at Sizewell C, led by our wonderful Enterprise Secretary who additionally spoke very correctly and surprisingly classically earlier on.
I may additionally speak about our inventive industries which make use of over two million individuals and grew at twice the speed of the UK financial system within the final decade.
They’ve made the UK the world’s largest exporter of unscripted TV codecs and assist give us a high three spot within the Portland Gentle Energy index.
Or our superior manufacturing sector, key to exports, the place we produce round half of the world’s giant civil plane wings and its greatest aeroengines in addition to round half of the world’s Method One Grand Prix vehicles.
The golden thread working by the industries the place the Britain does finest is innovation.
Amongst the world’s largest economies, the International Innovation Index ranks us fourth globally.
These innovation industries now account for round 1 / 4 of our output. They’ve been chargeable for almost all our productiveness development since 1997.
And so they’re additionally the rationale that each one of you might be right here.
Within the viewers we’ve leaders from Meta, Microsoft, Amazon, Apple and Google, the world’s largest tech firms all with main operations within the UK.
Now we have Monzo and Revolut, shining examples from our world-beating fintech sector.
And we’ve founders and CEOs from a few of our most fun UK know-how firms, like Proximie and Matillion.
You’re all very important for Britain’s financial future, however Britain is important in your future too.
So I need to ask all of you to assist our nation obtain one thing that’s each bold and strategic.
I need you to ask you to assist flip the UK into the world’s subsequent Silicon Valley.
What do I imply by that?
If anybody is pondering of beginning or investing in an innovation or technology-centred enterprise, I need them to do it right here [in the UK].
I need the world’s tech entrepreneurs, life science innovators, and inexperienced tech firms to return to the UK as a result of it affords the absolute best place to make their visions occur.
And for those who do, we’ll put at your service not simply British ingenuity – however British universities to gas your innovation, Britain’s monetary sector to fund it and a British authorities that can again you to the hilt.
Our universities are ranked second globally for his or her high quality and embody three of the world’s high ten.
With a purpose to assist the ground-breaking work they do in so many new fields the federal government has protected our £20 billion analysis funds, now on the highest degree in historical past.
And as you search for funding to develop, we provide one of many world’s high two monetary hubs and the world’s largest internet exporter of economic companies.
The aptitude of the Metropolis of London mixed with the analysis strengths of our universities makes our aspiration to be a know-how superpower not simply bold however achievable – and at present I’m right here to say the federal government is decided to make it occur.
However like every enterprise embracing new alternatives, we must also be straight about our weaknesses.
Structural points like poor productiveness, expertise gaps, low enterprise funding and the over-concentration of wealth within the South-East have led to uneven and decrease development. Actual incomes haven’t risen by as a lot as they might consequently.
Confidence sooner or later although, begins with honesty in regards to the current.
We need to be one of the affluent international locations in Europe, so at present I set out our plan to deal with these points.
That plan, our plan for development, is necessitated, energised and made doable by Brexit.
The need to maneuver to a excessive wage, excessive ability financial system is one shared on all sides of that debate.
And we have to make Brexit a catalyst for the daring decisions that we’ll make the most of the nimbleness and flexibilities that it makes doable.
This can be a plan for development and never a collection of measures or bulletins, which should watch for budgets and autumn statements within the years forward.
However this plan is a framework in opposition to which particular person insurance policies shall be assessed and brought ahead.
I set out that plan, these priorities beneath 4 pillars. They construct on the “Individuals, Capital, Concepts” themes set out by the Prime Minister final 12 months in his Mais Lecture and as such are the pillars important for any trendy, innovation-led financial system.
For ease of reminiscence the 4 pillars all occur to begin with the letter ‘E’ . The 4 ‘E’s of financial development and prosperity. And they’re Enterprise, Schooling, Employment and All over the place.
So let’s begin with the primary ‘E’ which is enterprise. If we’re to be Europe’s most affluent financial system, we have to have fairly merely, its most dynamic and productive firms.
There’s a variety of literature citing the significance of entrepreneurship on enterprise dynamism, whereby extra productive corporations enter and develop and fewer productive corporations shrink.
However I don’t simply consider the speculation, I’ve put it into follow.
I arrange and ran my very own enterprise for 14 years. It was top-of-the-line selections I ever made – and I truly owe it to Margaret Thatcher and Nigel Lawson.
As a result of by the point I obtained to college and was desirous about my profession choices, that they had modified attitudes in direction of entrepreneurship. Had they not, I might have most likely ended up within the Metropolis or the Civil Service.
As a substitute I took a special route to finish up on the Treasury – much less the Quick Stream, extra the Lengthy Manner Spherical.
Like hundreds of others establishing on their very own, I discovered to take calculated dangers, dwell with uncertainty and work by failures (of which there have been many).
Each large enterprise was a start-up as soon as – and we is not going to construct the world’s subsequent Silicon Valley until we nurture battalions of dynamic new challenger companies.
At present, we’re already ranked by the World Financial institution as the most effective place to do enterprise amongst giant European nations and second solely to America within the G7.
And the results of that pro-business local weather is that since 2010 we’ve created greater than 1,000,000 new companies on this nation.
However the query I need to ask is how are we going to generate the following million?
Firstly, we want decrease taxes. In Britain, even after latest tax rises, we’ve one of many lowest ranges of enterprise tax as a proportion of GDP amongst main international locations.
However we ought to be specific: excessive taxes straight have an effect on the incentives which decide selections by entrepreneurs, buyers or bigger firms about whether or not to pursue their ambitions in Britain.
With risky markets and excessive inflation, sound cash should come first.
However our ambition ought to be to don’t have anything lower than essentially the most aggressive tax regime of any main nation.
Meaning restraint on spending – and in case anybody is in any doubt about who will truly ship that restraint to make a decrease tax financial system doable, I gently level out that within the three weeks since Labour promised no large authorities chequebook they’ve made £45 billion of unfunded spending commitments.
Nevertheless it isn’t nearly decrease taxes. We additionally want a extra optimistic angle to danger taking.
Let’s begin with one of the public dangers taken this 12 months. Richard Branson, his group and the UK Area Company deserve large credit score for getting LauncherOne off the bottom in Cornwall.
The mission might not have succeeded this time, however what we study from it would make future success extra seemingly.
We must always heed the phrases of Thomas Edison who stated: “I’ve not failed 10,000 instances – I’ve efficiently discovered 10,000 methods that won’t work.”
Edison was American – and our angle to danger on this nation can nonetheless be too cautious in comparison with our US pals.
However we’re able to good risking on this nation: firstly of the pandemic we purchased over 350 million doses of vaccine with out realizing if they’d truly work – and ended up with one of many quickest and handiest vaccine programmes on this planet.
We additionally want, if we’re going to ship these aggressive enterprises, smarter regulation.
Brexit is a chance not simply to alter rules but in addition to work with our skilled, efficient and impartial regulators to create an financial surroundings which is extra innovation pleasant and extra development centered.
Our Chief Scientific Adviser, Sir Patrick Vallance, is presently reviewing how the UK can higher regulate rising applied sciences in excessive development sectors and the federal government is figuring out the place to reform the legal guidelines we inherited from the EU.
Within the digital area Patrick is working with the sensible , Matt Clifford – who we heard from earlier- and our superb Tradition Secretary Michelle Donelan, each of whom gave wonderful speeches.
Earlier than we conclude these findings, we need to hear from you. That why we’ve invited you this morning – and we’ll repeat the method for inexperienced industries, life sciences, inventive industries and superior manufacturing.
Lastly in the case of the ‘E’ of Enterprise there’s a important want for simpler entry to capital, significantly scale ups.
I’m supporting essential modifications to the pensions regulatory cost cap and I’ve used the regulatory flexibility offered by Brexit to alter the Solvency II rules which can start to be carried out within the coming months.
Alongside different measures introduced within the Edinburgh reforms, this might unlock over 100 billion kilos of further funding into the UK’s best development industries.
However there’s rather more to be achieved and I need to harness the concepts and the experience on this room to show the ‘E’ of enterprise into an enterprise tradition constructed on low taxes, reward for danger, entry to capital and smarter regulation.
The subsequent ‘E’ is Schooling.
That is an space the place we’ve made dramatic progress lately due to the work of successive Conservative training ministers.
The UK has risen almost 10 locations within the world college league tables for maths and studying since 2015 alone.
Our academics and lecturers are a number of the finest on this planet.
And because the Prime Minister has stated, having an excellent training system is the most effective financial, ethical, and social coverage any nation can have.
That’s the reason the Autumn Assertion we gave faculties an additional £2.3 billion of funding and why the Prime Minister lately prioritised the educating of maths till 18.
However there’s a lot to enhance. We don’t do almost as properly for the 50% of college leavers who don’t go to college as we do for individuals who do.
Now we have round 9 million adults with low primary literacy or numeracy expertise, over 100,000 individuals leaving college yearly unable to succeed in the required normal in English and maths.
We have gotten an adaptive financial system during which persons are more likely to have to coach for not one however a number of jobs of their working lives.
Not having primary expertise in studying and maths makes that tough, generally not possible.
And equally essential is what occurs past college.
Now we have made progress with T-levels, boot camps and apprenticeships and Sir Michael Barber is advising the federal government on additional enhancements to the implementation of our reform agenda and we need to guarantee our younger individuals have the talents they’d get in Switzerland or Singapore.
If we need to scale back dependence on migration and change into a excessive ability financial system, the ‘E’ of training shall be important – and meaning making certain alternative is as open to those that don’t go to college as to those that do.
So, Silicon Valley enterprises; Finnish and Singaporean training and expertise; let me now flip to the third ‘E’ which is Employment.
If firms can not make use of the workers they want, they can’t develop.
Excessive employment ranges have lengthy been a energy of our financial mannequin.
Since 2010, the UK has seen a report employment price, the bottom unemployment price in almost fifty years and labour market participation at an all-time excessive.
Partly due to the coalition reforms of a decade in the past we’re at 76% ,employment ranges larger than Canada, the US, France or Italy.
However the pandemic has uncovered weaknesses in our mannequin. Whole employment is sort of 300,000 individuals decrease than pre-pandemic with round one fifth of working-age adults economically inactive.
Excluding college students that quantities to six.6 million individuals – an unlimited and surprising waste of expertise and potential.
Of that 6.6 million individuals, round 1.4 million individuals need to work. However an additional 5 million don’t.
It’s time for a basic programme of reforms to assist individuals with long-term circumstances or psychological sickness to beat the obstacles and prejudices that stop them working.
We’ll by no means harness the complete potential of our nation until we unlock it for each certainly one of our residents.
Nor will we repair our productiveness puzzle until everybody who can take part does.
So to those that retired early after the pandemic or haven’t discovered the precise function after furlough, I say: ‘Britain wants you’ and we’ll have a look at the circumstances essential to make work value your whereas.
That’s the reason employment is such a significant third ‘E.’
Enterprise, Schooling and Employment – three key elements for long run prosperity.
I conclude with my ultimate ‘E’ – All over the place. Meaning making certain the advantages of financial growth are felt not simply in London and the South-East however throughout the entire of the UK.
It’s socially divisive if younger individuals really feel the one method to make a good residing is to go south. However it is usually economically damaging.
If our second cities have been the productive powerhouses we see within the different main international locations, our GDP can be almost 5% larger – making us second solely to the US and Germany for GDP per head.
That’s the reason levelling up issues. And why final week it was so thrilling to see the progress being made.
Since February 2020, when the levelling up agenda actually obtained underway ,70% of recent employed jobs have been created exterior of London and the South-East.
Because of our powerhouse areas we stay one of many high 10 producers globally, and the identical is beginning to occur with new industries: whether or not fintech in Bristol, gaming in Dundee or clear power in Teesside.
Each area has seen pay develop sooner than London since 2010, which reveals that our method to regional development is working.
However there’s rather more to do, and while authorities grants can play a galvanising function they don’t seem to be the entire reply.
We additionally want the connectivity that comes from higher infrastructure.
That’s the reason within the Autumn Assertion we protected key initiatives like HS2, East West Rail and core Northern Powerhouse Rail.
Digital connectivity issues as properly. Below Michelle’s management, full-fibre broadband now obtainable to greater than 40% of all houses within the UK.
Final 12 months 4 million extra premises obtained entry, with the most important will increase in Scotland and Northern Eire.
However the ‘E’ of All over the place needs to be about native wealth creation as a lot as about native infrastructure.
So this 12 months we’ll announce funding zones, mini-Canary Wharfs, supporting every certainly one of our development industries, and every one centered in excessive potential however underperforming areas, consistent with our mission to degree up.
They are going to be centered on our analysis strengths and executed in partnership with native authorities, with advantageous fiscal remedy to draw new funding.
We’ll shortly begin a course of to establish precisely the place they may go.
However spreading alternative all over the place wants native determination making alongside native infrastructure and native enterprise.
So we should additionally give civic entrepreneurs the flexibility to search out and fund their very own options with out having to bang down a Whitehall door.
Shortly over 50% of the inhabitants of England shall be coated by a devolution deal and two thirds coated by a unitary authority and that’s a vital a part of that.
However we have to transfer extra decisively in direction of fiscal devolution in order that unbelievable native leaders like Ben Houchen and Andy Road have the instruments they should ship for his or her communities.
4 ‘E’s – Enterprise, Schooling, Employment and All over the place – 4 ‘E’s to unlock our nationwide potential to be certainly one of Europe’s most fun, most revolutionary and most affluent economies.
Invoice Gates is meant to have stated individuals overestimate what they will do in a single 12 months and underestimate what they will do in ten.
With regards to the British financial system, we’re actually not going to fall into that lure.
We’ll bear in mind the important basis on which long run prosperity relies upon, particularly the sounds cash that comes from bringing down inflation. However proper now, begins our longer-term journey into development and prosperity.
World-beating enterprises to make Britain the world’s subsequent Silicon Valley.
An training system the place world-class expertise sit alongside world-class levels.
Employment alternatives that faucet into the potential of each single individual so companies can construct the motivated groups they want.
And as expertise is unfold all over the place, so we’ll ensure alternatives are as properly.
Sure there are numerous structural challenges to deal with. And dealing our 4 pillars we’ll do exactly that. By no means forgetting although the mixture of daring ingenuity and quiet confidence that defines our nationwide character.
Girls and gents, being a know-how entrepreneur modified my life.
Being a know-how superpower can change our nation’s future.
So let’s make it occur.
Thanks very a lot.